First, the bad news: Osteoporosis, a disease characterized by weakened bones susceptible to fractures, has a number of risk factors you can’t change. These include the following:
- Being over age 50
- Being female
- Having a family history of the disease
- Being white or of Asian descent
- Having a small body frame
- Having a history of fracture after age 50
The good news? You can slow bone loss by taking the following actions:
- Eat a balanced diet and get plenty of calcium and vitamin D.
- Do weight-bearing exercises such as walking, tennis, or dancing three to four days a week.
- Don’t smoke; limit alcohol.
This article first appeared in the Spring 2016 edition of the El Camino Hospital Health Beat magazine.